An analysis of type of post marital residence
Keywords: kinship, post-marital residence, frequency-dependent selection 1. Matrilocal residence is when the girls of the family stay in the family compound when they marry, bringing in spouses from elsewhere. As a result, a matricentric , or matrifocal , family household may exist. Anthropologists have always been interested in behaviour that varies at the level of the cultural group; indeed the subject defines itself in terms of understanding cultural difference. This is difficult to diagram two-dimensionally, particularly when there are three or more wives in the case of polygynous families. The list of Mosuo villages is shown in the electronic supplementary material, table S2. Historical data on population and kinship of Mosuo and Pumi in Sichuan and Yunnan can be found in published data, which were collected through the survey of ethnic minorities carried out in China between the s and s electronic supplementary material, tables S1 and S2. These larger groups are most often in one of three general forms: an extended family, a joint family, or a polygamous family. Lugu Lake Town is approximately km2, and the total population is about 10 Both situations make it difficult for much more than nuclear families to stay together year round. Mosuo families live in larger matrilineal households of three generations of brothers and sisters and the matrilineal offspring.
Meeting palces such as plazas are not necessary, because the families reside together. Extended family in Samoa Members of an extended family household usually share farming, animal herding, and domestic household tasks.
The Mosuo of southwestern China are one of these groups [ 1011 ]. The idea that cultural traits might be group selected has emerged as a hotly debated topic in recent years, focusing interest on whether group difference can be maintained in such a way that cultural group selection could occur [ 34 ].
For those who wish to understand them as well, the glossary of this tutorial provides brief explanations.
An analysis of type of post marital residence
Both of these have the same complex structure: both have plazas and small conjugal house groups and both have multifamily dwellings, so they cannot be distinguished archaeologically. Historical records of kinship in Mosuo and Pumi Historical population and kinship data from Mosuo people and Pumi in Sichuan and Yunnan Provinces, southwestern China are obtained from the published data, which were collected through the survey of ethnic minorities in China between s and s. The details of the model are presented in the electronic supplementary material. The locations of matrilineal Pumi villages and patrilineal Pumi villages were then plotted on the contour map. Ambilocal residence occurs when a newly married couple has the choice of living with or near the groom's or the bride's family. Resources are owned by the women of the family and, although the spouses can reside with the family, they are still part of the clans where they were born. Our model shows how norms of dispersal can generate different patterns of post-marital residence, as a function both of the costs and benefits to an individual and of the frequency of the strategies adopted by others in the population. Extended family in Samoa Members of an extended family household usually share farming, animal herding, and domestic household tasks. The Pumi villages are marked with dots and triangles. Pumi people in Wenquan Town used to hold to a patrilineal genealogy, but most of those patrilineal genealogies were forgotten as duolocal residence and matriliny arose [ 24 ]. Employment in large corporations or the military often calls for frequent relocations, making it nearly impossible for extended families to remain together. Dylan, distracted and with watery eyes, revaccinated his blue pencils or immigrated with ardor. It occurs when men obtain statuses, jobs, or prerogatives from their nearest elder matrilineal male relative. Dumond DE. This was also noted in anthropological investigations done between the s and the s [ 22 — 25 , 39 ].
This keeps women near their female relatives. Residence rules are essential organizing principles for a group, allowing families to build a labor force, share resources, and plan out rules for exogamy who can marry who and inheritance how the shared resources are split among the survivors.
Employment in large corporations or the military often calls for frequent relocations, making it nearly impossible for extended families to remain together.
Matrilocal post marital residence
Residence rules are essential organizing principles for a group, allowing families to build a labor force, share resources, and plan out rules for exogamy who can marry who and inheritance how the shared resources are split among the survivors. The total population is about 30 In contrast, big families are economically advantageous among small-scale farmers and pastoralists because larger, permanent labor groups are needed to farm or tend herds of animals. By making the main sources of family income from outside of the family, the industrial revolution made post-marital residence no longer necessary or, in most cases today, even possible. Residence rules and the size of family residential groups often change as the economy changes. The Mosuo of southwestern China are one of these groups [ 10 , 11 ]. During field research in the area, we encountered a group of Pumi villages that have also adopted this rare form of marital residence. Dispersal patterns can cause relatedness to the group to vary with age and sex, and some argue the female relatedness to the group generated by dispersal in either patrilocal or duolocal groups has led to the evolution of menopause in humans and killer whales [ 16 , 17 ]. They consist of living relatives from three or more generations. The locations of matrilineal Pumi villages and patrilineal Pumi villages were then plotted on the contour map. Humans are unusual in exhibiting a wide range of sex-specific dispersal strategies, resulting in the emergence of different types of residence, often evident even in the same world region. Tracing the settlement pattern change of a community, and comparing physical data from cemeteries and changes in artifact styles from midden contexts will help approach the problem and clarify, as much as possible, this interesting and necessary societal organization. Mosuo families live in larger matrilineal households of three generations of brothers and sisters and the matrilineal offspring. Human kinship and residence systems can be partly defined by whether males or females disperse or stay in their natal homes, which results in four main outcomes. Statistical analysis We use logistic regression to predict covariates of the current residence type of married Mosuo people living in Lugu Lake Town in
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