A discussion on the orff methodology
Archived from the original on 15 September Musical skills and knowledge were developed through elaborate music and dance improvisations that sometimes merged into compositions and choreographies. It began in Germany Bavaria in the s with adult music and dance students, and was revitalized there around to a great extent through the efforts of Orff's colleague, Gunild Keetman--for use with school children of that area.
The following basic principles are fundamental for this approach: Music, speech and dance are seen as integrated domains Music, dance and speech complement each other and at the same time provide starting points for creative activities. Along with these non-pitched, barred instruments are pitched instruments, known often as Orff instruments. These are common orchestral and concert band percussive instruments that can be used to add more body motion to rhythmic exercises. Ongoing teacher leadership is needed for further advancements in all areas. In the s he sent Doreen Hall, a young music education instructor, to Salzburg to study with Orff and Keetman. McRae, Shirley W April Exploration - discovering possibilities with a given piece of material involving any of the activity components listed above. A teacher could use speech to teach rhythm by having students say their own names and names of other students in a natural rhythm. Gunild Keetman, gifted in both music and movement, came to the school as a student and stayed on as a teacher. At this point, improvisation is encouraged through new vocal melodies that can be sung with the ostinato pitched instruments, or with new rhythmic basses to the song. The original idea by Orff and Keetman has become an artistic education with music at its core. Composer David Hewson was exposed to Orff Schulwerk and this influence helped to shape a lot of his later music. Musical skills and knowledge were developed through elaborate music and dance improvisations that sometimes merged into compositions and choreographies. Later on Gunild Keetmann extended the concept for the education of children and youth. This can be achieved through movement, percussion of all types , and singing.
The tonal and topical content is to come from the child's surrounding folk tradition. The order following so and mi in volume 1 are la, re, do, which completes the pentatonic scale.
For information on Orff teacher certification, associations, and additional info about the Orff approach, please visit the following:. There are some syncopated rhythms in this poem, so the teacher would be repeat the poem multiple times.
In this way, the Orff-Schulwerk method is incorporating improvisation even in the early stages of musical learning Carder,
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